Section for Fingerprints and Forensic Anthropology

Section for Fingerprints and Forensic Anthropology

The three main duties of the Section for Fingerprints and Forensic Anthropology are:

  • Fingerprint Detection and Identification;
  • Facial comparison;
  • Skeletal examination;

Examinations are only carried out only in the laboratory.

Fingerprint Detection and Identification

Optical, chemical, and physical methods are used for detection of latent fingermarks deposited on various surfaces, e.g., banknotes, documents, thermal papers, sticky-side tapes, untreated wood, glass, leather etc. Apart from routine methods, new ones are being developed in order to improve the effectiveness of investigations.

The equipment includes:

  • Mason Vactron MVC 3000 fuming chamber;
  • Ninhydrine chamber DFC 57100;
  • Workstation for Digital Photography – DCS 3.

Facial comparison

The examination method for personal identification is based on comparison of the morphological–anthropological features of a person recorded on various materials, e.g., photographs, images recorded by CCTV cameras and so on. Facial features as well as body constitution, stature, tattoos, etc. are analysed in order to identify persons.

Skeletal examination

The following examinations are applied:

  • Distinguishing human and animal bones;
  • Determining of time elapsed since death;
  • Determination of age, sex and stature of skeletal remains;
  • Determination of the individual characteristics of remains;
  • Determination of peri - and post–mortem trauma and identifying skeletal pathology;
  • Facial reconstruction
  • Craniofacial Superimpositions

The most important studies carried out in the Section concern:

  • The investigation of evidence from mass graves in Katyń, Miednoje, Bykownia
  • The investigation of materials relating to the death of Father Jerzy Popiełuszko
  • The facial reconstruction of a human living in South Poland somewhere in the period 3rd Century BCE. – 11th Century CE.
Strona korzysta z plików cookies zgodnie z Polityką Plików Cookies